Way back when, I purchased a metal detector in order to find coins. I was a coin collector of sorts, and had always wondered about the ads stating that I could find old coins with a metal detector. I purchased a Coinmaster from White's, headed out into the field, into the unknown. Lo and behold the damn thing actually worked! I started finding coins, some old and many of them silver. The experience became an obsession, then a pastime, and now a part time job.

Metal detectors back in the late 70's, early 80's were somewhat rudimentary in their abilities, and it was a constant learning experience, trying to understand my detector, how it worked, what it was telling me, and what I might expect from it in the field. What type of audio signals various targets would offer, and what I needed to do to interpret them and act on them. A lot of bench testing was the norm, as well as a lot of verification in my test plot along side my house. We used to joke that we could tell the difference in a penny, dime, quarter or nickel..... Today I wonder. I still think that maybe I could do that.

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Over the years I found hundreds of coins. A great many of them old, a few valuable, but more importantly I found a pastime that would eventually consume me over the coming years. From being a hobbyist, I became a writer, an organizer, a metal detector manufacturer's marketing director and finally an author and semi-retired metal detector user. Today I live in north central Texas, having moved here to work for Garrett Electronics over twenty years ago. The Garrett position was short lived, and now I work part time, and look forward to the next old coin I can find.

Another important part of coin hunting? Finding those sites that will produce the coins you seek. It is, in my mind, the most important part of your pastime. You can have the most expensive detector manufactured, and you can have all the time in the world to use it, but if you are not seaching in the right places you will almost certainly come home empty-handed. When I think back about researching sites back in the 70's and 80's compared to today I wonder how I ever found anything. The resources available today blow me away. Check out my link on research.

Coin Hunting, In Depth
Coin Hunting...In Depth Book

When it comes to really old coins I often think of my hunting in the UK, France, and the other European countries. There, they can pretty much be found wherever you stop your car. European countries go back hundreds and hundreds of years, and as a result, offer the ultimate in treasure hunting. To any of us in the United States, finding a coin from the sixteenth century would be heaven. To the average detectorist in the UK, it's rubbish (actually had one of them say this while hunting in a ploughed field near the North Sea. He broke my heart for sure).

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From day one there has been a a controversy over whether or not a coin will sink deeper in the groundl over time. My theory....? Who cares? I suspect they probably do but since we will never know, why debate the issue. Forget it, and detect.....

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If possible design and construct a test area in your backyard. In it bury coins, bottlecap, pulltab, nail, foil, soda can, etc.. Bury these objects are varied depths. Don't haphazardly start burying targets without giving it some thought. Lay it out on paper. Remember you have many different coin sizes, and you need to consider the depths they need to be planted. There's obviously no hard and fast rule concerning this, but I like to bury my coins about six to ten inches deep, with the larger coins the deepest. Those to me represent the deeper, older coins I am after. Also be sure to bury a pulltab near a few coins so that you can practice scanning from various directions to narrow down and isolate the coin signal. Work with your detector's programs, settings and searchcoils to learn how it sees and hears the various items in your test plot. Practice makes perfect.

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I have detected long enough that I do not want to venture out into the field and find clad coins. Pretty much anyone can do this, and I have had my fill of clad coins. Yes, I know they are spendable, but finding them, recovering them, cashing them in, is not time well spent. I would rather spend three hours searching a very old site, and come home with an old and potentially valuable coin. It massages my ego, knowing I did my homework researching, and it potentially makes the time spent worth it. Over the years I have searched areas that seemingly offered nothing in the way of signals, only to one day recover a very old and valuable coin. That, my friends, is what it is all about!

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If you are to be a successful coinshooter you must also be an optimistic individual. The power of positive thinking is more than just a theory to me....itís a reality! See yourself returning home with valuable, old coins, and you more than likely will. Venture out troubled or despondent and you will surely come home empty handed. Not a scientifically proven theory mind you, but one I subscribe to.

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Always be prepared for sudden change. What is sudden change? It's an event that happens without warning, offering you only a small window of opportunity to detect and find coins. It might be construction work that eliminated the sidewalks in an older section of town, or it might be that heavy rain or downpour that ended the drought. It could also be the hurricane that took away two feet of sand at the beach, or a flood that carried with it many inches of topsoil. Whatever the sudden change, as a coin hunter you must be alert and be ready to act.

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If I want to find old coins I hunt old sites. Seem simple? Absolutely! I research, I read and I work hard at finding a site that will potentially offer up coins from years ago. I know about those school yards down the street, and I know about the park downtown. They are not all that old, and will most likely result in a lot of clad coins. Spendable, but not valuable. I try and focus on places where people gathered, spent money, and returned, over and over again. These are worth my time, and if I come home empty handed, so be it. At least I spent my time anticipating a really old coin, not a clad penny.

A Few Useful Links

Coin Supplies

Coins

Professional Coin Grading

American Numismatic Assoc.

Coin Literature

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If you ever receive a strong signal, and want to ignore it, thinking it's a soda can, or some other piece of trash, don't do it. A lesson learned twenty years ago. I had found an old athletic field that had also been the site of carnivals, holiday fireworks over the years, and so on. I started searching it, and it became the most productive sites I had ever detected. In one particular area, I kept getting a loud, large response, and simply passed it off as a piece of trash. Then one day I decided to check it out (and get rid of it). I was flabbergasted to find two Walking Libety Halves, and two Washington Quarters, all silver in one hole. All were buried in about one inch of soil. Needless to say I never ignored those LOUD responses again.

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Field testing prototype of Spectra
Testing prototype of Vision/Spectra

Learn to use a probe when hunting any area that is well kept or manicured. It's also the surest way to gain access to prime areas within a city or town. The gentleman who sold me my first metal detector, Joe Attinello, a White's dealer from Milford, New Jersey, was as smooth at recovering a coin as anyone I've ever seen. He would bend down, and with his probe, touch the coin, lift it to the surface, and then quickly move on, without a trace of any digging. A real art, and I still wish I could do it as easily and as fast as he did. I did become better at it, and as a result gained access to many areas I wouldn't have before.

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No matter the detector you are using, pass coins and for that matter, trash items, under the coil and study carefully the audio and readout response. Do othis over and over again until you start to see a pattern. I realize that many objects in the ground will not always be parallel to the searchcoil, and I understand that mineralization will play some part in how the target is seen by your detector. The exercise however will give you some basic understanding of what to expect in the field. I have found that many of the LED readouts are somewhat consistent with various targets, and after a while, will offer pretty accurate identification.

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If you have found an old site that is productive remember to expand it's boundaries. The open or searchable area you are hunting now could very well be a condensed version of what "used to be". Shrubs, trees, groundcover can take over a site, and make it much smaller than what it was years ago. Take the extra time to venture into the brush, overgrowth or outlying areas and see what develops. You might be surprised.


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Remember coins that are on edge in the ground will sound like nails. Double blips and broken signals. Use as many other verifications as possible....numerical readouts, grahpic readouts, etc. and then act accordingly. When in doubt, dig. Never leave a site, wondering.

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Hate digging pulltabs? Then reject them, but remember you will probably never find that long sought after gold coin.

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Love Those Barber Coins
Love Those Barber Coins

Stay with your hunches. If you think an area has something good to offer, don't cross it off. Come back, and give it a go another time, perhaps utilizing another method of search, another size coil or searching it after a decent rain. Moisture most definitely improves your chances of finding coins. I can't count the number of times I have returned to a site that I thought was void of anything, to find just the opposite, after a heavy rain.

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You hear the term "hunted out" a lot anymore, and while certainly some areas seemingly are hunted to death, there will always be something left to find. Fewer finds perhaps, but what's left is all good. Those coins still remaining are probably a little deeper, maybe on edge, and surely older and more valuable. Remember too, any site that has been hunted heavily in the past, is probably devoid of surface trash, making future searches that much easier. All you now have to do is concentrate on are those marginal signals, and from past experience, dig them. Go to All-Metal, change to a larger, deep-seeking coil, and move at a snails pace, analyzing anything and everything, both audible and visual. Whenever I hear the term hunted out, I get excited!

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When I accumulate a lot of clad coins, I cash them in and purchase a key or semi-key coin, in either XF or uncirculated condition. Something that will increase in value over the years. I used to be intrigued by large piles of coins in that they represented a lot of effort, but I begin to realize that their value never varied.... a penny is a penny, a nickel, a nickel...etc.. Cash in those clads, and look for that one coin that will mean so much more down the road.

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CACHES


Webster's New World Dictionary defines Cache as a place in which stores of food, supplies, etc., are hidden....anything so hidden. I mention this because homesteaders, early settlers and landowners did not have easily accessible banks in which to deposit their money, and frankly did not trust them anyway. Giving your lifesavings to someone else was unsettling, and not at all an action that provided comfort or relief. As a result many oldtimers concealed their money, their lifesavings, their pin money, their stashes, their drinking money or their incomes from illegal gambling.

Small but Nice
A Mini Cache

It's also been said that many times the man of the house seldom shared the location of his buried treasure with his wife or family. Why? Because he assumed he would outlive everyone, and it was simply the manly thing to do. He was the head of the household, and his wife the housekeeper and childbearer. Like it or not, that was the way things were.

Locating a cache is indeed a challenge, and requires lots of thought, and a patience. The premise I go on with every "old" homesite I search is that a cache is hidden somewhere on the property. Finding it will be up to me. A resonable assumption? I think so, and while the end result may be that I leave empty handed, it could also mean that it was there, and I simply didn't find it!


Where to Look for a Cache

Fireplaces(loose bricks)
Under Front Porches
Root Cellars
Under Large Trees
Under Fence Posts
Hollow Window and Doorsills
Under Floorboards
Abandoned Autos
Barns/Outbuildings
Outhouses
Planters
Attics
Cellars
Canned Food Containers
Under Woodpiles
Chicken Coops
Hollowed Stairs
Pipes
Old Tree Stumps
Under Sidwalk Stones
Farm Equipment

A big headstart in finding a money cache is to put your self in the place of the secreter or owner. In other words, if you had a thousand dollars, where would you hide it? Would you hide it inside the house? Outside? If so, where? If you buried it would you bury it deeply? Would you hide it somewhere where you could put your hands on it quickly? The questions are important, because these are indeed the same thoughts the orignal owner must have had, and they will surely help you narrow your focus.

If it were me, I would bury it outside. Hiding it inside makes it subject to fire, and that's never a good outcome. Next, when I did bury it. I would make sure I could get to it fast if needed, and I would make sure I could keep any eye on it from inside the house. Lastly I would bury it in a container that would keep the money safe from the elements. Now I know all this doesn't mean a great deal, but by putting yourself in the place of the individual secreting the money you will more than likely hit the most promising places first.

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COIN HUNTING OVERSEAS

I will always include a mention in any book I write on coin hunting overseas. It is without a doubt the most exciting, the most interesting, and the most profitable coin hunting you will ever do. Finding a coin here from the late 1800's is exciting, but finding one from before the birth of Christ is without equal.

As a result of my involvement with the metal detecting hobby and industry I have traveled overseas to detect with my counterparts in England and France. These experiences were ones that I shall never forget, and as of this date I am looking forward to returning again, and again.

I consider myself fortunate to have so many friends overseas, and over the past few years I have been invited to spend time in their homes, and to hunt with them in the field. The end result is a lasting friendship, and a comraderie that has lasted for years.

Fay, Me, Joelle & Michel Tocque
Fay, me, Joelle & Michel Tocque, St. Brieuc, France, 1992

I was never very knowledgeable when it came to American History in High School.To me it was boring, and one of those subjects that seemed to have no bearing whatsoever on my life, then or in the future. Little did I know that I would care a great deal about history later, and little did I know that I would feel lacking when compared to my friends overseas. While I had a hard time remembering what happened 200 years ago, I cannot fathom having to remember what happened well over 2000 years ago... I have been able to hunt Roman sites, Celtic sites and areas that could produce coins of extreme value. My finds were many, and while I cannot retire on them, the excitement they provided shall last me the rest of my life, and I am still looking forward to improving on them in the years ahead. The other side of the coin (no pun intended) is that I now have a close kinship to folks across the sea, and it's these treasures that can never be duplicated, and are far more valuable than any coin I will ever find.

I will not attempt to tell you about foreign coinage because I am not an authority on the subject. I will state however if you ever have the opportunity to travel to far away places and metal detect.....do it. You won't be sorry!

If you are interested in traveling overseas for some great detecting contact:

DISCOVERY TOURS INTERNATIONAL
3095 Kerner Boulevard "H"
San Rafael, California 94901
Phone: 415-457-2910
Website: www.Discovery Tours

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THE BEST COINS I EVER FOUND AND THE DETECTORS I USED TO FIND THEM

I am often asked, what is the best thing youíve ever found, and what do think is the best detector out there. Amazingly the answers are very much related.

The best finds Iíve ever found are varied, depending on the period in my life when I found them, and of course how they related to my prior finds. By that I mean if I found a Liberty Seated Dime on Monday, then found a Capped Bust Dime on Tuesday, the Capped Bust coin would win out. Likewise the detector I used to find it would be the best on the market. Make sense?

Early 80's and my trusty 6000di Series 2

Way back when I started metal detecting I used to ask the same questions, used to spend evenings at the dining room table, bench testing whatever detector I had at the time. I would keep notes, wave coins, pulltabs, bottlecaps under the coil, and try to ascertain where they read on the meter and what they sounded like audibly. I was obsessed with the pastime and enjoyed every moment.

I would like to say I still do these things, but I do not. Not that they are not valid, but because I found myself getting caught up in this excessive analysis that often left me confused and frustrated. Technology is changing daily, and metal detectors are part of that trend. What we know today will be old hat tomorrow.

Do yourself a favor, and spend more of your time finding someplace to take your detector, and less time worrying about whether or not itís the best at that moment.

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There are a lot of treasures to found with a metal detector, but old coins will always be my favorite. Their designs were classic, and in my opinion, great works of art. Comparing a Walking Liberty half dollar, or Buffalo nickel, to their counterparts of today is an effort in futility. The Mint has tried to bring back a few of these designs by offering limited edition collector's replicas, but nothing will match the eye-catching, everyday silver coinage of yesterday!

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Admire them, appreciate them, search for them, collect them and put them away for a rainy day....

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